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Kidney stones are hard mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys. They can range in size from a small grain to a golf ball and can cause severe pain when they move through the urinary tract. Common types of kidney stones include calcium stones, uric acid stones, and struvite stones.

Treatment for kidney stones depends on their size, composition, and whether they are causing symptoms. In many cases, small kidney stones may pass on their own with increased fluid intake and pain management. Drinking plenty of water helps to dilute the substances in the urine that lead to stone formation.

For larger or more stubborn stones, medical intervention may be necessary. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common procedure that uses sound waves to break up the stones into smaller pieces, making them easier to pass. Another option is ureteroscopy, where a thin tube with a camera is inserted through the urethra and bladder to remove or break up the stone.

In some cases, surgery may be required to remove or break up larger stones. This may be done through a minimally invasive procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or, in rare cases, through open surgery.

Medications may be prescribed to help manage pain and facilitate the passing of the stone. Alpha blockers are a type of medication that can relax the muscles in the ureter, making it easier for the stone to pass.

Lifestyle changes can also help prevent the formation of kidney stones. This includes staying well-hydrated, adopting a balanced diet low in sodium and high in fiber, and reducing consumption of foods high in oxalates, which can contribute to stone formation.

It’s important for individuals with kidney stones to work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for their specific situation. Early detection and intervention can help prevent complications associated with kidney stones and alleviate discomfort.

Check List of best Kidney stones Doctors and Hospital for Treatment at affordable Cost.

Dr. Shreyas Bhalerao

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Practice Areas : Urology

Best Urologist in Panchkula and Chandigarh